BURGUM FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY

The Burgum family history society is a member of the Guild of one name studies and researches the names
BURGUM
and BURGHAM

Redbrook, Gloucestershire

Several generations of Burgums of the "MM" family tree lived at Redbrook on the edge of the Forest of Dean.



REDBROOK is set in the beautiful Wye Valley and belies its industrial past. Divided into Upper Redbrook and Lower Redbrook, it sits about 3 miles south-west of Monmouth and 2 miles north-west of Newland. Lying in the county of Monmouthshire and the parish of Dixton, it was an important centre for ironmaking and tinplating. A number of leats and dammed reservoir ponds were created from Swan Pool down to the River Wye, supplying mills, the iron furnace, the tinplate works, copper works, flour mill and brewery.


Buildings included -
King's Mill, (1434-1925) [a corn mill fist].
The Redbrook Copper Works (1660-1740). [Buildings then used for tinplate works].
The Redbrook Tinplate factory, (1740-1962) produced high quality tin.
The manager's residence, (c1700), [still survives]. Redbrook Quay, [still exists - goods were shipped down the Wye to Chespstow].

Other industrial clues still exist including the stone warehouse and the tram-road. The Wye Valley Railway (1876-1964) crossed the Wye at Redbrook and the bridge still remains. The Boat Inn, lies on the opposite side of the river at this point. There was a railway station, a church dedicated to Our Saviour, a school and a Weslian Chapel.The furnace at Redbrook closed in 1816, but the forge and foundry continued to function.

Henry Davies sold the site to Thomas Burgham (1796-1883) in 1828. He ran the foundry and the stampers, which crushed blast furnace scruff for the bottle-glass industry. Thomas continued as an iron founder at until 1870. In 1864 he wrote - The furnace was supposed, from the cinders that have been made, to be in work for 500 to 600 years or more (prob c200 years). It was used to melt the Forest Iron Ore, also the Lancashire Ore, with charcoal. The furnace to my knowledge worked up till the year 1816.

Thomas Burgham married his first wife Esther Knight (1799-1833) in 1816 and had eight children at Redbrook. William, Thomas, Sarah, Esther, John, Henry, Eliza and Lydia were born between 1817 and 1831. Following Esther's death, he married Harriet Weare and they had children Edwin, James, William, George and Sarah Ann between 1836 and 1846.

Thomas' son Henry (1827-1869) worked as a moulder, but then began brewing. Following his death, his wife Eliza continued the business, which was then taken over by her son Oliver Burgum (1863-1939). There were two breweries in Redbrook. The one owned by Oliver was sited down by the River Wye, near the Upper Tin Plate Works. It was south of the incline between the tramroad and the road. A second brewery, further north near Redbrook Flour Mill at Upper Redbrook was owned by James Hall and described as "house, offices, brewhouse, malthouse and sheds". Both were demolished after the Second World War.


Kelly’s Directory of 1870 listed the principal residents as -

Upper Redbrook
Adams John - carpenter and wheelwright
Burgham, Mrs Eliza - brewer & malster
Burgham, Thomas - iron founder
Courteen, Thomas - corn, flour, and hop merchant and malster
Davis, Mrs Mary - miller
Groves James - grocer
Moore Theophilus - miller
Payne, Henry - wheelwright and blacksmith

Lower Redbrook
Beard, James - Bell Inn
Beard, Mrs Sarah - King's Head
Hudson, John - shopkeeper and timber merchant
Redbrook Tin Plate Co. (Charles Frederick Medhurst, resident manager)
Walters, George - farmer, Highbury Farm

FAMILY living at Redbrook were as follows -

1841 Census at Upper Redbrook (CS1841-11)
Thomas Burgham (iron founder, 45), Harriet Burgham (wife, 35), Sarah Burhaum (dau, age 20), John Burgham (son, moulder, 15), Henry Burgham (son, 10), Eliza Burgham (dau, 10) and James Burgham (son, 2). MM family tree.

1841 Census Upper Redbrook (CS1841-20)
Thomas Burgham (moulder, 20) and Mary Burgham (wife. 25, dressmaker). MM family tree.

1851 Census at Upper Redbrook (CS1851-38)
Thomas Burgham (iron founder, 56), Harriet Burgham (wife, 46), Henry Burgham (son, moulder, 23), Lydia Burgham (dau, 19), Edwin Burgham (son, moulder, 14), James Alfred Burgham (son, moulder, 12) and William Burgham (son, 8, scholar). MM family tree.

1851 Census at Upper Redbrook (CS1851-39)
John Burgham (moulder, 25), Louisa Burgham (wife, 22), Harriet Burgham (dau, 3, scholar) and Thomas Burgham (son, 1). MM family tree.

1861 Census at Upper Redbrook (CS1861-28)
John Burgham (moulder, 35), Louisa Burgham (wife, dressmaker, 30), Edward Stanley Burgham (son, 10), William John Burgham (son, 8), Esther Louisa Burgham (dau, 5) and Lydia Burgham (dau, 1). MM family tree.

1861 Census at Upper Redbrook (CS1861-29)
Henry Burgham (malster + brewer employing 7 men, age 33), Emily Marian Burgham (dau, 1), Sarah Williams (mother-in-law, 73, widow) and Elizabeth Long (servant, a nurse, 44). MMfamily tree.

1861 Census at Mount Cottage, Forge + Foundary, Upper Redbrook (CS1861-32)
Thomas Burgham (iron founder, 65), Harriet Burgham (wife, 56), William Burgham (son, clerk, 17) and Sarah Ann Burgham (gd-dau, 5). MM family tree.

1871 Census at Upper Redbrook (CS1861-30)
Thomas Burgham (iron founder, 75), Harriet Burgham (wife, 66), Sarah Ann Burgham (gd-dau, 15) and Lewis T. Burgham (gd-son, 12). MM family tree.

1871 Census at Upper Redbrook (CS1871-45)
Edwin Burgham (iron founder, 34), Caroline Burgham (wife, 35), Maurice Burgham (son, 10), Oliver Burgham (son, 8), Maude Burgham (dau, 7), Beatrice Burgham (dau, 5), Eleanor Burgham (dau, 3) and Eva Burgham (dau, 10 months). MM family tree.

1871 Census at Redbrook Villa, Upper Redbrook (CS1871-45)
Eliza Burgham (brewer + malster, 43), Emily Burgham (dau, 11), Oliver Burgham (son, scholar, 7) and Beatrice Burgham (dau, scholar, 5) and a governesss, cook and housemaid. MM family tree.

1881 Census at Upper Redbrook (CS1881-41)
Eliza Burgham (brewer + malster, 53), Emily M. Burgham (dau, 21), Arthur Burgham (son, 17) and Beatrice Burgham (dau, 15). Also George Lindsey (brewery manager), Mary Hakins (governess) and Mary Rees (a common servant). MM family tree.

1881 Census at Upper Redbrook (CS1881-63)
Moses Hawkins (cellar man in brewery, 60), Sarah Hawkins (wife, 59), Thomas Hawkins (son, common labourer, 19), Albert Hawkins (son, miller, 17), Thomas Burgham (father-in-law, retired grocer), Thomas Hopkins (son-in-law, tin plate roller, 25), Annie Hopkins (step-dau, wife of tin roller, 25), Henry B. Hopkins (gd-son, 1) and Arthur L. Hopkins (gd-son, 2 months). MM family tree.

1891 Census at Redbrook (CS1891-46)
Arthur Burgham (brewery manager, 27) and Agnes Burgham (wife, 24). MM family tree.

1891 Census at Road, Redbrook (CS1891-60)
Thomas Burgham (tinplate roller, 47), Edith Burgham (wife, 44), Rosa Burgham (dau, 22), Annie Burgham (dau, 16), Elizabeth Burgham (dau, scholar, 13), Emma Burgham (dau, scholar, 10) and John Charles Burgham (son, scholar, 9). GG family tree.

1891 Census at Road, Redbrook (CS1891-67)
Tom Henry Burgham (tinplate worker, 24) and Catherine Burgham (wife, 24). GG family tree.

1891 Census at Road, Redbrook (CS1891-76)
Eliza Burgham (brewer, 63) and 2 servanys. MM family tree.

1901 Census at Upper Redbrook (CS1901-83)
Oliver A. Burgham (brewer + malster, 37) and Agnes M. Burgham (wife, 33). MM family tree.

1901 Census at Wye Villa, Upper Redbrook (CS1901-88; picture right)
Tom Burgham (tin plate shearer, 57), Ann Burgham (dau, 24), Emma Burgham (dau, 21) and Edith P. Davison (gd-dau), 2. GG family tree.

1901 Census at Lower Redbrook (CS1901-95)
Tom Burgham (tinplate worker, 34), Catherine Burgham (wife, 35) and Nora Burgham (dau, 1). GG family tree.

1911 Census at Inglewood, Redbrook (CS1901-71; picture right)
Oliver Arthur Burgham (brewer, 48), Agnes Martha Burgham (wife, 42) and Mary Anne Williams (servant, 22). MM family tree.

1911 Census at Oak Cottage, Upper Redbrook (CS1911-89)
Thomas Henry Burgham (shearer, 43), Catherine Cecila Burgham (wife, 42) and Nora Annie Burgham (dau, student, 10). GG family tree.

1911 Census at Glen Vale, Redbrook (CS1911-121)
Tom Burgham (tin worker roller 68) and Mary Ann Burgham (wife, 60). GG family tree.

The map below shows the principle areas in the Forest of Dean where Burgums and Burghams lived.
1. Abenhall               2. Flaxley             3. Littledean           4. Lydbrook           5. Lydney          
6. Mitcheldean         7. Newland           8. Redbrook           9. Ruardean



Click here for the GG family tree

Click here for the MM family tree